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The MoEF agrees upon the development for the Orang Rimba in National Park

Bukit Duabelas National Park (TNBD) was basically aimed to protect the livelihood of the Orang Rimba – the indigenous tribe of Jambi Province. Although tug and war was occurred during a decision regarding zoning system classification as one requirement of national park management, the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF) started to accommodate the needs of the Orang Rimba onto the zoning specification within the area. Based on the revised decree of Ministry of Forestry number 727/Menhut-II/2012 regarding national park appointment, the Bukit Duabelas National Park was classified into seven zones. The MoEF has legally verified the TNBD since 2015 while the authority of Bukit Duabelas National Park has been gradually associated to the Orang Rimba and villagers.

There are more than 2500 population of the Orang Rima living in Bukit Duabelas National Park at the moment objecting 12 tumenggung (head of the group or the highest position belongs to traditional system of the Orang Rimb). In line with their population development, increased needs also occurred among this community. “It is indeed, some (Orang Rimba) are still living utilizing their traditional resources, such as rattan, jernang, manau, and other forest products, however, this resource has been decreasing and the Orang Rimba began to derive simple plantation within the area such as rubber plantation,” said Robert Aritonang – the Coordinator of Community’s empowerment Program of Indonesian Conservation Community WARSI.

The livelihood scheme changes of the Orang Rimba groups definitely needs support from the government by the development program heading directly to this group. “The fill needs of the Orang Rimba within this national park is expected to be accommodated in the zoning system supporting the traditional system and culture of the Orang Rimba,” said Robert.

The tumenggung Grip of Kedudung Muda TNBD expected the walking trail to help take their plantation products out of the development conducted as the Orang Rimba brings their products out of their place on feet all this time. They should have had been able to take all their products out of their place by motorcycle as the needs of their livelihood increased time by time while most of them have already had motorcycle.

The General Directorate Ecosystem Natural Resources Conservation (KSDAE) – Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF/KLHK) has given a new solution for the zoning system in line with their traditional custom and development derived among this community. “The zoning system is managed based on the needs and customs of the Orang Rimba as they own the area,” said Wiratno, general directorate of KSDAE KLHK in front of the Orang Rimba on Friday (17/9).

To support the livelihood of the Orang Rimba within the national park, the general directorate of KSDAE KLHK agreed upon the development of walking trail made of concrete to the group of the Orang Rimba from the government of Sarolangun.

The regent of Sarolangun, Cek Hendra conveyed that the local government has allocated amount of money for the integrated development for the Orang Rimba. “ We allocate IDR 5 billion per year for this integrated development of the Orang Rimba,” said Cek Hendra. Meanwhile, the local government of Sarolangun District will have collaboration with KSDAE in terms of the development carried out in the national park. It aimed to prevent overlapping with the existing regulation. According to Cek Hendra, the development will be objecting to the existing needs and securing the traditional customs of the Orang Rimba. “We will make a pathway for the Orang Rimba, provide them school and hire the health officers which definitely in line with their traditional culture,” said Cek Hendra.  

The government of Sarolangun District is also developing the integrated area for the Orang Rimba around the National Park of Lubuk Jering, Air Hitam, Sarolangun District over 10 ha. To reach this development, the regent of Sarolangun District does expect the synergy and collaboration with multi parties of the Orang Rimba facilitators, villagers and companies around the national park.

The Indonesian Conservation Community – WARSI welcomed commitment of the multi parties to support the Orang Rimba. The national park management in line with the traditional culture of the Orang Rimba will secure their area as well as adjusting to their needs. “KSDAE, National Park Authority and the Orang Rimba within the area are expected to help maintain and protect the forest for the Orang Rimba in TNBD, as the only remained forest left in low land area of Jambi Province,” said Robert.

In addition, WARSI also committed to supporting the regent of Sarolangun District to run the integrated development for the Orang Rimba aiming at protecting and improving their livelihood.







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